LED lighting industry enters maturity
2019-04-29

According to the 'China's Roadmap for Eliminating Incandescent Lamps' announced by the National Development and Reform Commission in 2011, from October 1, 2016, it is prohibited to sell and import incandescent lamps for general lighting of 15 watts or more. As traditional incandescent lamps are about to gradually withdraw from the historical arena, LED lighting, known as the 'Light of the 21st Century', will also enter the mature stage of the industry.


LED becomes the protagonist of lighting


Uncle Yu of Beijing has an old-fashioned desk lamp, but he has been left in the corner because he could not buy a suitable light bulb.


'The mouth of this light bulb is a hanging mouth. It needs the previous glass bulb, but the supermarket has not found such a light bulb.' Yu told the author.


The author then went to the supermarket in front of the house to find out the supermarket.


'You are looking for incandescent lamps? The supermarket has not sold for a few years, the kind of light bulb is heat, it will be hot for a while, and it will not be durable.' The salesperson sent by the supermarket told the author.


In fact, not only in the supermarket, but in many supermarkets in Beijing, incandescent lights are not seen. Although there are still two months from the final limit, incandescent lamps with a history of more than 130 years have long since faded out of people's horizons.


The reason why the incandescent lamp quickly “returns to the mountain forest” is that it is a big energy consumer, in addition to “not durable”.


It is understood that most incandescent lamps convert 90% of the energy consumed into useless heat, and less than 10% of the energy becomes light. As for lighting time, experts say that the life of incandescent lamps usually does not exceed 1000 hours.


While the traditional incandescent lamp is about to withdraw from the historical stage, the LED lighting industry has also entered the field of vision.


The author saw in the supermarket that a variety of LED lights were placed in the lighting container for customers to choose. “This is an LED bulb that can save 80% energy.” The salesperson introduced the author.


According to reports, LED is a semiconductor device that can convert electrical energy into light energy. Compared with traditional light sources, LED light sources have many advantages such as energy saving, environmental protection, safety, firmness, small size, long life and rich colors.


“LEDs consume less power and can operate at high frequencies. When used in the same lighting effect, the power consumption is one ten thousandth of the traditional light source and one-half of the fluorescent tube.” Tang Deming, Chairman of Shenzhen Zhongdian South Tell the author.


At the same time, the LED light source has a long service life, small volume, light weight, can withstand high mechanical shock and vibration, is not easy to be broken, and has an average life of 5-10 years, which can greatly reduce the maintenance cost of the lamp and avoid the hard work of changing the lamp frequently.


'Because most of the original devices and materials of LED lighting can be recycled and reused, and do not contain harmful or toxic substances, it has a good protective effect on our ecological environment, greatly improving the comprehensive recycling and reuse of resources.' Tang Deming said .


LED application range is gradually expanding


Chen Xingyu, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, has been paying attention to the development of the LED industry for many years. In the proposal, he proposed to use LED lighting as an important entry point for energy conservation and emission reduction. Compared with the lamps commonly used in urban lighting, LED lighting has the advantages of energy saving and environmental protection. It is an irresistible trend to replace the traditional lighting source with a semiconductor LED light source.


In 2012, the State Council arranged 2.2 billion yuan to support the promotion of energy-saving lamps and LED lights; the Ministry of Commerce launched the energy-saving demonstration of Baicheng Qiandian; the six ministries and commissions such as the National Development and Reform Commission jointly issued the 'Semiconductor Lighting Energy-Saving Industry Plan.'


Driven by national policies, China's LED industry has also ushered in great development, and its application range has been expanding. It has gradually evolved from the earliest monochromatic signal indication to explosion-proof lamps, traffic signal indications, and automotive lighting functional components. In the fields of digital products such as mobile phones and automobiles, the field of application of LEDs has been continuously expanded.


'With LED explosion-proof lamps, since the beginning of the 21st century, with the rapid development of China's petroleum, chemical, mining and other industries, the use of lighting fixtures in production, warehousing, and rescue has become more widespread, with more and more varieties. How to prevent the accidental explosion of lighting fixtures in explosive gas hazards is particularly important. LED explosion-proof lamps are not only safe, but also reduce energy consumption by at least 80% compared with traditional explosion-proof lighting, saving more than 80% of electricity expenses. 'Tang Deming said.


It is expected that in the next few years, the demand scale of China's special lighting fields such as explosion-proof lamps will continue to expand, and the market demand for major products will grow steadily. The increase of large-capacity and intelligent sets of electrical equipment will reach more than 20%. Explosion-proof lamps and LED explosion-proof lamps in industrial lighting fields. It has gradually become the first trend in the field of special lighting.


A set of data shows that from 2006 to 2014, the overall market size of China's LED industry increased from 35.6 billion yuan to 350.7 billion yuan, with an average annual compound growth rate of 33%. It is estimated that the annual compound growth rate of LED market will remain above 30% from 2015 to 2017. By 2017, the scale of China's LED market will reach 748.5 billion yuan, and the market potential is huge. China has become the manufacturing base of global lighting products.


Let innovation replace 'price war'


Despite the huge market potential, the lack of core technology in the LED lighting industry is still an indisputable fact.


Although China's LED industry has developed rapidly and formed a large industrial scale, it still has huge market potential. However, the shortcomings of the core and key technologies and the scattered, small and chaotic industrial organization pattern still restrict China's LED industry international. Increased competitiveness. Industry experts said.


'The LED industry will enter the 'maturation stage' from 2015 to 2018. For LED companies, it is not technology, but more price wars.' Tang Deming said.


In the past, there were only a few thousand traditional lighting manufacturers in China, but now there are more than 30,000 lighting manufacturers. The tragic price war has intensified in the LED industry.


Not long ago, the 'price war' of two LED companies hit the international market by the domestic market. It is understood that one LED company successfully bid for a foreign project, while another LED company will not hesitate to reduce the price by 10% to seize this. Engineering, the final bid was successful.


There must be many reasons behind the 'price war'. For example, some companies use the 'bringing' strategy to omit the cost of research and development. The total cost of their products is naturally lower than their peers. Therefore, their low price may cause 'price wars'. Secondly, most SMEs compete in the 'Red Sea' field, and the homogenization of products is serious. Once again, the lack of corporate supervision in the industry, the infringing enterprises profit through the 'price war' and live a good life. It is bound to encourage the arrogance of the 'price war.'


In addition, due to the lack of super-brands and national chain sales networks, coupled with insufficient industry standards, over-investment in the industry, uneven product quality and lack of supervision, the domestic demand lighting market has been extremely fragmented for a long time, whether it is sales or wholesale, it is still a traditional type. Therefore, the market share of the top ten lighting brands is less than 10%.


In Tang Deming's view, 'Technology innovation is an important way and foundation for the development of the LED industry, and it is an important breakthrough for enterprises to win business opportunities in the future. To some extent, the future competition is largely reflected in the competition in the technology field.'


However, Tang Deming is quite proud that the high-safety LED explosion-proof lamps independently developed by Shenzhen Zhongdian South have passed the UL844 and CSA-C22.2NO.137 North American hazardous area lighting certification, which is not only the first in China. The LED company that won this honor also means that China's LED explosion-proof lamps have passed the most stringent testing in the world and rank among the international first.


At present, the product is widely used in more than 10 industries such as petroleum, chemical, coal, electric railway, metallurgy, shipbuilding, public security, fire protection, and rescue, and has been sold to more than 100 countries and regions in the world.


'At present, the LED market is in a period of rapid development. We are researching and developing high-safety LED explosion-proof lamps in a timely manner. After gaining domestic leading advantages, it is even more important to promote the application to the society and fulfill corporate social responsibility. We are After achieving certain results, we will continue to increase R&D investment, try to grasp the development trend of the industry and lead the development of the industry, which will play a demonstration role in the development of China's new material industry, while reducing energy consumption and energy conservation. The role of carbon reduction,' Tang Deming said.


“The government should encourage the development of new energy-saving lighting devices. At present, there are many new and more economical and reliable energy-saving lamps in developed countries. It is recommended that government departments introduce relevant policies to encourage the development of energy-saving lighting devices and overcome the current energy-saving lighting promotion process. The problems encountered in the process, reduce the cost of energy-saving lamps, and promote the promotion of energy-saving lamps.' Chen Xingyu suggested.


There are also many experts who suggest that China should actively play the role of the industry, and guide China's LED industry to become bigger and stronger through policies, especially to play the role of leading enterprises in the industry, and to closely integrate with the innovation resources of universities and institutions. Advantages, build an industrial innovation chain, give play to the guiding role of the government's scientific and technological resources, break through the core key technologies that restrict industrial development, lead the industry to continuously improve the technological content and added value, and promote the direction of industrial development from extensive to intensive.